Even though you are more than likely familiar with some of the following words, they might have slightly different meaning in this context.
1.Patent: right of ownership granted by the government to a person that gives the owner the right to exclude others from making, selling or using the claimed product. Also referred to as trade marks.
2.Product: a new and useful article, machine, composition, or process, devised as a result of someone’s imagination.
3.Patent Applications: a document describing a product in detail, which is to be submitted to a patent office with the aim of obtaining a patent on the product.
4.Reduction to Practice: an in depth description of how the product works, described in concrete terms.
5.Prior Art: the existing or publicly available knowledge available before the date of a product or more than one year prior to the first patent application date.